Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers among men. When diagnosed on the early stage, this type of cancer is treated well.
Cancer develops when cells in the organism of a man begin to grow without control. Cells from any part of the body can grow into cancer cells, and spread to other parts of the body.
Prostate cancer begins in men when cells in the prostate gland begin to grow without restraint. The prostate gland is responsible for making some of the fluid that is part of semen.
The prostate gland is located below the bladder and in front of the rectum. The size of the prostate starts growing with age and in some men can cause particular problems.
Practically all types of prostate cancers are adenocarcinomas. These cancers of prostate grow from the gland cells. Other types of prostate cancer can be sarcomas, carcinomas, neuroendocrine tumors, transitional cell carcinomas.
Some pre-cancerous conditions of the prostate gland can be used to put men in the group of risks and monitor this group regularly.
The risks factors for developing cancer of the prostate gland may include diseases of the prostate, inflammation of the prostate gland called prostatitis, smoking, age, family history of prostate cancer, gene changes and mutations, Lynch syndrome, eating unhealthy foods and exposure to chemicals.
Once the prostate cancer has been diagnosed, a doctor will suggest a treatment plan suitable for each individual. There are some treatment option which can have benefits and possible risks and side effects.
Depending on each case, treatment options for prostate cancer are: surgery, radiation therapy, cryotherapy (cryosurgery), hormone therapy, and chemotherapy and vaccine treatment.
Typically treatment options are based on the stage of the cancer and after the treatment the program of complete recovery is needed. In some men cancer may come back, so they need to continue the treatment.
A man should talk to a cancer specialist about any method of treatment.
Casodex is one of the treatments available for prostate cancer. It is a hormone therapy classified as anti-androgen medication. The main component in the medicine is Bicalutamide which is often prescribed with LHRH agonist, another type of hormone therapy.
The therapy with Casodex is for men with advanced prostate cancer at stage D2, when the metastases to other areas of the body have started.
The oral medicine Casodex is for once a day use and is prescribed with LHRH therapy. Casodex should be taken at the same time each day, without regard of food. Before taking this medicine, a man should urinate and completely empty his bladder.
The dosage of Casodex depends on many factors. It is determined by a doctor.
Casodex side effects happen rarely. Most men tolerate the medicine well. Some men can have hot flashes, swelling of the breasts, breast pain, and impotence. When the medicine is discontinued the side effects disappear.
Before starting Casodex treatment a man should consult a doctor, especially if a man has diabetes, uses other medicines containing hormones.